He also loves her no matter what, even in death Type of Sonnet: Shakespearean Structure: 3 quatrains, 1 couplet Meter: Iambic pentameter Rhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef gg 2 That on the ashes of his youth doth lie, 10 3 When yellow leaves, or none, or few, do hang 2 Found 'Em!! John Crowe Ransom, Shakespeare at Sonnets. Death's second self 8 : i. These pictures of sonnet 73 was taken from Google images. To the same extent that many romantic poets exaggerate the beauty of their mistresses, insisting that their eyes are more beautiful than the sun, their hair fairer than hold or their cheeks redder than roses, Shakespeare decides to exaggerate how unattractive his mistress is. Second Quatrain If a bare tree weren't enough, Shakespeare drops one of the most commonly used metaphors in the second quatrain when he compares dying to a setting sun. In lines 1-4 he uses personification.
A complexion is something usually only attributed to human faces; however, the speaker states the sun has a complexion. Notes that time of year 1 : i. Once Donne renounced his catholic faith and made a commitment to the Church of England in 1615, he wrote a series of religious poems, hymns, and sermons Hodgson, 1999. All these techniques combine to make this one of the most romantic, and most quoted, of Shakespeare's sonnets. The lessening of time creates a sense of urgency to love more strongly and cherish things more closely. Death brings everyone to eternal rest. In fact, Shakespeare makes death a proper noun by capitalizing it.
These stresses are used to embody meaning. Typically, each quatrain develops its own central metaphor, each building on the themes suggested by the previous. A person may do that but a bough would not feel the cold in the same way. With this, the duality of the word helps to further express the fleeting quality of youth by presenting two different but related connotations. Shakespeare expresses three major in this. It is often argued that 73 and sonnets like it are simply exercises in metaphor—that they propose a number of different metaphors for the same thing, and the metaphors essentially mean the same thing.
Well, you're going to get one anyway! The imagery creates a solemn tone from the start, which carries on throughout the entirety of the poem. Is the poet saying that the young man now understands that he will lose his own youth and passion, after listening to the lamentations in the three preceding quatrains? That time of year thou may'st in me behold When yellow leaves, or none, or few, do hang Upon those boughs which shake against the cold, Bare ruin'd choirs, where late the sweet birds sang. The three examples illustrate aging being compared to a tree as it loses its leaves in the fall. Moreover, it especially stood out to me that in the third quatrain lines 9-12 the narrator now realizes and accepts the permanence of death. Some other figurative language is used such throughout the sonnet. The speaker of the poem, who may or may not be Shakespeare himself, compares himself to a tree in the fall. He is also making the point that his lover is a good person for staying with him in his old age.
Sonnet 73 by William Shakespeare Vocabulary boughs - a branch of a tree twilight - the soft, diffused light from the sky when the sun is below the horizon perceivest - to become aware of something through the senses Paraphrased Sonnet 73 In me you can see that time of year When my hair is turning gray and starting to fall out When my joints hurt as it gets cold outside And even when my voice is starting to sound melodic In me you can see only the dim light that remains After the sun sets in the west, Which will shortly be covered by the black night The twin of death, which closes up everyone in eternal rest In me you see the remains of a fire Glowing atop the ashes of its youth As if it lay on its own deathbed on which it has to burn out Consuming what used to fuel it This you see, and it makes your love stronger Causing you to love more which you must give up before long Author Background William Shakespeare did not go to college. These ashes can be interpreted as the ashes of his youth. It's not until the final couplet that we really know who the implied listener is. Just like the leaves change and fall from the trees, the author has changed and lost his youth. Meter is the rhythm established by the poem.
In the first quatrain, the narrator compares himself to the late autumn season, that time of year when the trees have begun to lose their leaves and the cold is setting in. Unfortunately, this is definitely an exaggeration. Shakespeare is using Anaphora to get his point across and show imagery. He is comparing his present state to the bare branches of wintertime. Similarly, the image of the boughs of the trees shaking against the cold further symbolizes the harshness of the end of life. By using metaphors he relates death to nature. Shakespearean sonnets work by presenting a problem in each of the three quatrains, and then proposing a solution to the problem in the final couplet.
Shakespeare's use of metaphor to illustrate decay and passing are striking, and sets a somber tone throughout. Its like comparing how a person ages to that of a tree as it loses its leaves. He then turns things around in the final couplet by explaining that when a person is willing to love someone who has aged, that makes the love even more special. The speaker says he's in the 'twilight of such day' and the sun is fading 'in the West. An endless cycle of life and death.
With that said, the closing couplet of sonnet 73 is like an admonition: one's love should grow stronger as one's time left to love is running out. In lines 3-4, these are also metaphors that indicate the word choir refers to not only a group of persons singing in a church; but also to a place in the church where the choir sits Howe, p21. Here the reader would easily observe the similarity between the season and the speaker's age. Imagery: Time -the overall examples of the various types of time bring to Fall to Winter -everyone has experienced the changing of the seasons, so it's easy to imagine the leaves dying and fluttering down as winter takes over. The poet is preparing his young friend, not for the approaching literal death of his body, but the metaphorical death of his youth and passion.