According to a tradition, The comprised pederastic couples. The historian's job is to present pederasty and all, to make sure that … we come face to face with the way was part of a world in which many of our own find themselves challenged rather than reinforced. Since we don't have the text in front of us, you can't follow along so you have to understand as you hear, and you get no extra time. Green and Christian 1998: 21 have descried this as accompanying. In Germany the work was continued by classicist Paul Brandt writing under the pseudonym Hans Licht, who published his Sexual Life in Ancient Greece in 1932. At the end of this time, the philetor presented the youth with three contractually required gifts: military attire, an ox, and a drinking cup.
Pedagogues and teachers in ancient Greek society Within ancient Greek society there was a strong distinction between the activities of pedagogues paidagö gus and subject teachers didáskalos. In other words, Herbart proposed that humans become fulfilled once they establish themselves as productive citizens. And how best should we read them? Will you have a word דבר from this or a pestilence דבר? But that moves beyond this post … In summary, in languages as in anything else, we need to keep our focus on the mission. In looking to continental concerns and debates around pedagogy, a number of specialist pedagogues have turned to the work of and to those concerned with more holistic forms of practice see, for example, Cameron and Ross 2011. We have much to learn through exploring through the thinking and practice of specialist pedagogues who look to accompany learners; care for and about them; and bring learning into life.
Recall that Greek homosexuality involves reciprocity conventionally of a sort, for the eromenos receives kindliness and education in return for his beauty. Their experience becomes the main resource of both their learning and the personal identity they have developed, as the richer and more diverse their experience, the more the diversity they can bring to their own learning. Fondling the youth's genitals was one of the most common images of pederastic courtship on vases, a gesture indicated also in Aristophanes' comedy line 142. Then we can aim the biblical languages classes at people who do actually want to learn to use the material. And this is now my greatest regret. Education in the spirit of Pestalozzi. I can't say -- when I started out, I assumed it would be very high, since I figured that was everybody's goal and people get degrees for Greek and teach it and so on.
And so, here we go on another round. It is taken from Rogers, A. A teacher may help to motivate students and may provide the resources, but it ultimately depends upon the individual student and his or her effort to do the work in the trenches of reading voluminously and consulting in depth the best of the resources that assist that voluminous reading. If they, or an adult citizen of free status who had prostituted himself, performed any of the official functions prohibited to them by law in later life , they were liable to prosecution and punishment. It is now available at amazon. It seems to me that a major part of the problem, if not the biggest challenge we face, is the fact that Greek teachers and linguists are often talking past each other.
Both art and other literary references show that the erômenos was at least a teen, with modern age estimates ranging from 13 to 20, or in some cases up to 30. The issue of living language methods in learning Greek has been much discussed. I make no claims for Classical Greek, which I imagine would me much more difficult, but I would assume that it too can be done -- I imagine for example that educated Byzantines spoke in an Atticizing Koine and understood each other. Letter and lectures on education: By Johann Friedrich Herbart ; Translated from the German, and edited with an introduction by Henry M. Sorry about the confusion -- there are some methods that go under that name that emphasize getting the student to talk as much as possible and to learn how to express themselves in spite of any errors they make, but I agree with those sites I linked to that the early errors are the the ones that are the hardest to correct later. And finally: 4 In some ways I grow more conservative as I grow older, although I remain, I think, on the whole, a liberal in my thinking on most matters.
I've reached a point in my Latin where I'm confident that I could read most texts at sight with the occasional blunder and unknown words, and I'd like to reach this level with Greek. Theories of teaching As Hamilton 1999: 143 has put it, Herbart sought to devise, from first principles, an educational system and thus worked towards a general theory of pedagogics see, for example, Allgemeine pädagogik — General Pedagogics, 1806 and Umriss Pädagogischer Vorlesungen, 1835 — Plan of Lectures on Pedagogy and included in Herbart 1908. At this time I was a Seventh-day Adventist and I took my Sabbath seriously. For Dover, it seems, the argument that Greek paiderastia as a social custom was related to rites of passage constitutes a denial of homosexuality as natural or innate; this may be to overstate or misrepresent what the initiatory theorists have said. The word pedagogue was originally used to refer to the slave who escorted Greek children to school. As non-citizens visiting or residing in a could not perform official functions in any case whatsoever, they could prostitute themselves as much as they wanted. A Problem in Greek Ethics.
The growing focus on teaching In Europe concern with the process and content of teaching and instruction developed significantly in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. While we can welcome the warnings against viewing teaching as an instrumental activity — whether it is satisfactory to describe it as pedagogy is a matter for some debate. In his postscript to the second edition, Dover grants that there is some literary evidence that the erastes stimulated the penis of the eromenos, and that one vase shows an eromenos with an erection. As he saw it, external influences, such as the punishment or shaming of pupils, were not the most important instruments of education. None had patience for letting me help them comprehend the subject better. It was still around when Immanuel Kant 1724-1804 explored education. And this is why I think we need to look at two other things.
Certain gifts traditionally given by the eromenos become symbols that contribute to interpreting a given scene as pederastic. I was truly blessed to have Dr. You can revoke this access at any time through your LinkedIn account. Simon 1981: 1 argued: The most striking aspect of current thinking and discussion about education is its eclectic character, reflecting deep confusion of thought, and of aims and purposes, relating to learning and teaching — to pedagogy. The Great Didactic, translated by M. They also can be a significant person for someone over a long period of time — going through difficulties and achievements with them. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Education in the spirit of Pestalozzi. He might have extended the comparison to take in this point: just as a proper Victorian woman was publicly expected not to enjoy sex, but frequently did in private, so too it is possible that the eromenos derived more pleasure than is publicly depicted. On the contrary, appropriate teaching was the only sure means of promoting education that was bound to prove successful. As such education is a deeply practical activity — something that we can do for ourselves what we could call self-education , and with others. The art of helping others: Being around, being there, being wise. I remembered well that I was one of the few who really enjoyed Greek and Latin composition in graduate school and that most of my colleagues had hated it and wished only to get past the hurdle.
The re-emergence of pedagogy In continental Europe interest in didactics and pedagogy remained relatively strong and there were significant debates and developments in thinking see Gundem 2000: 241-59. Likewise I think Greek is a speciality and artistic addition for most English-speakers that study and learn it, and therefore they should study and learn it accordingly: artistically and specially. They also have to be there for people: ready to respond to the emergencies of life — little and large Smith and Smith 2008:18. If you don't believe that ancient Greek can be used to communicate, just try e-mailing in Greek someone who knows a little Greek, and you will see that it does work, and you do learn more than you would from just reading. Leonard and Gertrude from the 1885 edition published by D. Herbart's educational philosophy and pedagogy highlighted the correlation between personal development and the resulting benefits to society. The eraste's is expected to be keenly interested in sexual contact; this interest, and the active, penetrative conduct that follows from it, is taken to be perfectly normal and natural.