Jamie has written seven books and co-authored one. Research in education is very much needed. Reflective practices seeks to make sense of processes, problems, issues, and constraints made available in strategic action. In short it can be said that research methods aim at finding solutions to research problems. Action research is focussed on immediate application. It is based on scientific approach.
It is an act of analysing a situation leading to certain action for improvement and evaluating the result of the tried out action. One might say that the goal of the applied scientist is to improve the human condition. This trend, they feel, is necessitated by the problems resulting from global overpopulation, pollution, and the overuse of the earth's natural resources. If the researcher finds any problem at the time of his field investigation and observation he applies it. Research Methodology, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 10th Ed. To find solutions to problems in a specific context.
The purpose of this blog is to report the different learning experiences in studies about an Open PhD focused on open learning. The table below summarizes the differences between the two types of research in terms of purpose and context: Fundamental research Purpose Expand knowledge of processes of business and management Results in universal principles relating to the process and its relationship to outcomes Findings of significance and value to society in general Improve understanding of particular business or managemtn problem Results in solution to problem New knowledge limited to problem Findings of practical relevance and value to manager s in organization s Context Undertaken by people based in universities Choice of topic and objectives determined by the researcher Flexible time scales Undertaken by people based in a variety of settings including organizations and universities Objectives negotiated with originator Tight time scales Differences between fundamental and applied research It is important to note that although fundamental studies do not pursue immediate commercial objectives, nevertheless, findings of fundamental studies may result in innovations, as well as, generating solutions to practical problems. It involves collection and analysis of data to examine the usefulness of theory in solving practical educational problems. Insights may be generalized to other settings. The result is improvement in what happens in the classroom and school.
It takes account of the variety of perspectives, possible in the social situation and comprehends the issues and circumstances in which they arise. A well-planned and well-executed educational research programme saves time, money, energy. It is quite efficient in churning out results due often to the profitability of such results. It brings vividness, completeness and comprehensiveness to many complex problems in education. Applied research is solution-specific and addresses practical questions. It is undertaken to solve an immediate problem. Classification of research There could be two broad groups in research as the physical sciences.
Its findings are to be evaluated in terms of local applicability and improvement in school practices. Fundamental research is qualitative in nature. Students studying in the class of a teacher forms sample. It is a small scale intervention. The focus is to improve and modify the current practices. However, there are many differences also in their form, purpose, and content that is made use of by experts to achieve different goals.
Fundamental research, also known as basic research or pure research does not usually generate findings that have immediate applications in a practical level. Action researchers can collaborate with colleagues, clients, or professional researchers usually university professors. In an experimental study two situations which are alike in every respect are considered. Action research - Practice: Research questions derive from practice. Only then the findings of a research would have a universal application.
The purpose of the basic research, therefore, is not to impact the society at present but in the future it has far more benefits. Applied research is the research which is generally conducted to solve the problem of the organization setting. Reflection has evaluative aspect- it asks action researchers to weigh their experience — to judge whether effects and issues which arose were desirable, and suggest ways of proceeding. The articles on Open learning will be used for the publication of a book on open learning. Let us take a closer look. Groups of participants can be teachers, students, principals, parents and other community members. The whole purpose of Action Research is to involve classroom teachers to attempt to solve their classroom problems.
Strictly speaking they are not so and they show differences between them. Fundamental studies usually do not have strict deadlines and they are usually driven by the curiosity of the researcher. It can be explanatory but usually descriptive. In contrast, Market Research focuses on markets i. As such it includes aspects such as advertising research i.