Although some biographers note that Las Casas also appears to have developed misgivings late in life about the enslavement of Africans, he never publicized such views in print. Some recent estimates of the population of the mainland and islands argue that the loss of life was originally higher than even Las Casas believed, and so the decline was much steeper than he estimated. Reproduced by permission of the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University, 0683-2. Those that arrived at these Islands from the remotest parts of Spain, and who pride themselves in the Name of Christians, steered Two courses principally, in order to the Extirpation, and Exterminating of this People from the face of the Earth. The argument was continued in 1551, and its were enormous.
He aimed his writings squarely at the moral consciences of Spanish civic and religious officials, whom he hoped would respond with strict policies preventing mistreatment of New World natives by Spanish settlers. His name came into prominence again in the latter half of the 20th century, in connection with the indigenista movements in Peru and. Faced with revolt by the encomenderos in Peru and the threat of revolt elsewhere, however, the Crown made a partial retreat, repealing the provisions most objectionable to the colonists. Crusader, traitor, prophet, paranoiac, servant of God, anarchist, visionary, pre-Marxist, egalitarian —these are but a few of the epithets hurled at his memory. Las Casas interrupted work on the book only to send to the in Madrid three long letters in 1531, 1534, and 1535 , in which he accused persons and institutions of the sin of oppressing the Indian, particularly through the encomienda system.
At the same time, young Las Casas began learning several native languages and befriending local Indians; he had already begun deploring the violence he witnessed. This is a wellknown and proven fact which even the tyrant Governors,themselves killers, know and admit. He wrote also many doctrinal treatises, letters, memorials, and pamphlets, of which the most famous, Brev ísima relaci ón de la destrucci ón de las Indias, is also the most stern indictment of the cruelty of the conquistadores. In their greed, the explorers enslaved the natives to work in mines and on their farms. If you do not have this software, you may from Adobe's Web site.
After the wars and the killingshad ended, when usually there survived only some boys, some women,and children, these survivors were distributed among the Christiansto be slaves. John, and Jamaica, both large and fruitful places, unpeopled and desolate. With the support of the archbishop of Toledo, Las Casas was named priest-procurator of the Indies in 1516. Perhaps no one else in history has been more insistent or clear in articulating Western culture's moral responsibility to the oppressed. Failing to convert even a single encomendero to his position, he went to Europe in 1515 to plead his case with the king of Spain. In 1521 twenty-one missionaries sailed from Spain but only five reached the colony, and continued slaving raids provoked a native uprising that doomed the plan. Requerimiento: National Humanities Center Cortés letter: Internet Modern History Sourcebook, from Paul Halsell, Fordham University Las Casas: National Humanities Center Illustrations: Vistas: Visual Culture in Spanish America, 1520-1820, from Smith College and Fordham University Image: Theodore de Bry, engraving in Bartolomé de las Casas, A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, written 1542, orig.
Historians regard most highly his Historia de las Indias, which is indispensable to every student of the first phase of the Spanish conquest. The former was written as an introduction to a proposed book called Historia de las Indias, and the latter was published as a stand-alone summary of that book. The highest point of Las Casas' argument was an eloquent affirmation of the equality of all races, the essential oneness of mankind. He returned to Europe, first to Spain and then to Rome where, in 1507, he was ordained a priest. But Las Casas continued to write books, tracts, and petitions, testimony to his unwavering determination to leave in written form his principal arguments in defense of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. Although he was not a pacifist, he denounced waging war against the Indians as unjust, and he ardently affirmed that the only proper means of conversion was through persuasion and example, not by war.
However, in 1514, at forty years of age, he was converted to concern for the plight of the Indians while reading Ecclesiasticus Ben Sira 34:22. Two of his principal works are available in English: Devastation of the Indies: A Brief Account, translated from Spanish by Herman Briffault , 1974 , and In Defense of the Indians, edited and translated from Latin by Stafford Poole with Lewis Hanke, V. His efforts to end the encomienda system of land ownership and forced labor culminated in 1550, when Charles V convened the Council of Valladolid in Spain to consider whether Spanish colonists had the right to enslave Indians and take their lands. In 1515—16 he developed a plan for the reformation of the Indies with the help of religious reformer. The panel made no formal recommendation to Charles I, but the consensus of the time and since has been that Las Casas got the better of the debate. He died in Madrid while on one such mission.
The other settlers opposed him vehemently, and he decided to return to Spain to press his case to King Ferdinand of Aragon. Some 10 years later he commenced work on the Historia de las Indias History of the Indies. These laws were not a complete success, and the colonial world opposed them strongly. Las Casas continued to fight on behalf of native Hispaniolans for the rest of his life. William Donovan Las Casas, Bartolomé de 1474—1566 Las Casas, Bartolomé de 1474—1566 , Spanish priest, social reformer, and historian. The continued mistreatment of the persuaded him to return to the fray.
Sepúlveda used Aristotle's doctrine of just war to defend Spanish conduct in the Americas. Adviser to Charles V Las Casas then entered upon the most fruitful period of his life. Bartolomé de Las Casas was an outspoken critic of the colonial government in the. He influenced the committee not to approve his opponent's book for publication. In 1502 at the age of eighteen, Las Casas went to the Indies for the first time, and in 1512 he became the first priest to be ordained in the New World.